- The History Maker Bios series offers introductions to the lives of historical figures found in the core of every history curriculum. Each fascinating true story is filled with illustrations, photographs, artwork, historically accurate caricatures, little-know facts, and more. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks stepped onto a bus and into history. Ordered to give her seat to a white man, she refused with calm dignity and was arrested. Her defiant action sparked a bus boycott and became a key event in the Civil Rights Movement. Raised to stand proud, even when being harassed and discriminated against, Parks showed her fellow African Americans that they too could stand up for their rights.